The Myriapoda (Millipedes, Centipedes) Featuring the North American Fauna     
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Sphendononema guildingii (Newport, 1845) (Chilopoda: Scutigeromorpha: Pselliodidae), a common centipede in Central & South America and on Caribbean Islands.

 

Centipede and Millipede References

Rowland M. Shelley, Ph. D.; North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences 

 

 
 

     

Millipede & Centipede References

 

Adis, J., & M. S. Harvey. 2000. How many Arachnida and Myriapoda are there world-wide and in Amazonia? Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 35:139-141.

Almond, J. E. 1985. The Silurian-Devonian fossil record of the Myriapoda. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 309:227-238.

Attems, C. 1929. Myriapoda 1. Geophilomorpha. Das Tierreich, 52:1-388.

_____. 1930. Myriapoda 2. Scolopendromorpha. Das Tierreich, 54:1-308.

Cook, O. F., & H. F. Loomis. 1928. Millipeds of the order Colobognatha, with descriptions of six new genera and type species, from Arizona and California. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 72 (18):1-26.

Edgecombe, G. D., & G. Giribet. 2002. Myriapod phylogeny and the relationships of Chilopoda. pp. 143-168, In; J. J. Bousquets, J. J. Morone, & H. P. Ulloa (eds.), Biodiversidad, Taxonomía y Biogeografia de Artrópodos de México: Hacia una Síntesis de su Conocimiento. Prensas de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

_____, _____. 2003. Relationships of Henicopidae (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha): New molecular data, classification and biogeography. African Invertebrates, 44(1):13-38.

Eisner, T., M. Eisner, & M. Deyrup. 1996. Millipede defense: Use of detachable bristles to entangle ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 93:10848-10851.

Foddai, D., & A. Minelli. 2000. Phylogeny of geophilomorph centipedes: old wisdom and new insight from morphology. Fragmenta Faunistica, 43 Supplement:61-71.

____, L. A. Pereira, & A. Minelli. 2000. A catalogue of the geophilomorph centipedes (Chilopoda) from Central and South America including Mexico. Amazoniana, 16(1/2):59-185.

Giribet, G., S. Carranza, M. Riutort, J. Baguña, & C. Ribera. 1999. Internal phylogeny of the Chilopoda (Myriapoda, Arthropoda) using complete 18S rDNA and partial 28S rDNA sequences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 354:215-222.

Golovatch, S. I. 2003. A review of the volvatory Polydesmida, with special reference to the patterns of volvation (Diplopoda). African Invertebrates, 44(1):39-60.

Hoffman, R. L.  1980 (1979). Classification of the Diplopoda. Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Genéve, Switzerland, 237 pp.

_____. 1999. Checklist of the millipedes of North and Middle America. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publication No. 8:1-584.

Hopkin, S. P., & H. J. Read. 1992. The Biology of Millipedes. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 233 pp.

Lewis, J. G. E. 1980. Swimming in the centipede, Scolopendra subspinipes Leach (Chilopoda, Scolopendromorpha). Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 116:121-122.

_____. 1981a. The Biology of Centipedes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 476 pp.

_____. 1981b. Observations on the morphology and habits of the bizarre Borneo centipede Arrhabdotus octosulcatus (Tömösváry), (Chilopoda, Scolopendromorpha). Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 117:245-248.

_____, G. D. Edgecombe, & R. M. Shelley.  2005.  A proposed standardised terminology for the external taxonomic characters of the Scolopendromorpha (Chilopoda).  Fragmenta Faunistica, 48(1):1-8.

Loomis, H. F. 1936. The millipedes of Hispaniola, with descriptions of a new family, new genera, and new species. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 80 (1):1-191.

Nguyen Duy-Jacquemin, M., & J.-J. Geoffroy. 2003. A revised comprehensive checklist, relational database, and taxonomic system of reference for the bristly millipedes of the world (Diplopoda, Polyxenida). African Invertebrates. 44(1):89-101.

Remington, C. L. 1950. The bite and habits of a giant centipede (Scolopendra subspinipes) in the Philippine Islands. American Journal of Tropical Medicine, 30(3):453-455.

Shear, W. A. 1992. Early life on land. American Scientist, 80:444-456.

____, R. M. Shelley, & H. Heatwole. 2003. Occurrence of the millipede Sinocallipus simplipodicus Zhang, 1993 in Laos, with reviews of the southeast Asian and global callipodidan faunas, and remarks on the phylogenetic position of the order (Callipodida: Sinocallipodidea: Sinocallipodidae). Zootaxa, 263:1-20.

Shelley, R. M. 1996. The millipede order Siphonophorida in the United States and northern Mexico. Myriapodologica, 4(4):21-33.

_____. 1997. A re-evaluation of the millipede genus Motyxia Chamberlin, with a rediagnosis of the tribe Xystocheirini and remarks on the bioluminescence (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae). Insecta Mundi, 11(3-4):331-351.

_____. 1997. The Holarctic centipede subfamily Plutoniuminae (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha: Cryptopidae) (nomen correctum ex subfamily Plutoniinae Bollman, 1893). Brimleyana, 24:51-113.

_____. 1999. Centipedes and Millipedes with emphasis on North America fauna. Kansas School Naturalist, 45(3):1-15.

_____. 2002. A synopsis of the North American centipedes of the order Scolopendromorpha (Chilopoda). Virginia Museum of Natural History Memoir 5:1-108.

_____. 2003 (2002). A revised, annotated, family-level classification of the Diplopoda. Arthropoda Selecta, 11(3):187-207.

_____, & G. B. Edwards.  2004.  A fourth Floridian record of the centipede genus Rhysida Wood, 1862; potential establishment of R. l. longipes (Newport, 1845) in Miami-Dade County (Scolopendro-morpha: Scolopendridae: Otostigminae).  Entomological News, 115(2):116-119.

_____, G. B. Edwards, & A. Chagas.  2005.  Introduction of the centipede Scolopendra morsitans L., 1758, into northeastern Florida, the first authentic North American record, and a review of its global occurrences (Scolopendromorpha: Scolopendridae: Scolopendrinae).  Entomological News, 116(1):39-58.

Skovmand, O., & H. Enghoff. 1980. Stridulation in Alipes grandidieri (Lucas), a scolopendromorph centipede. Videnskabelige Meddelelser Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 142:151-160.

Whitehead, D. R., & R. M. Shelley. 1992. Mimicry among aposematic Appalachian xystodesmid millipedes (Polydesmida: Chelodesmidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 94(2): 177-188.

Wood, H. C. 1867. Descriptions of new species of Texan Myriapoda. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 19:42-44.

Würmli, M. 1973. Die Scutigeromorpha (Chilopoda) von Costa Rica, Ueber Dendrothereua arborum Verhoeff, 1944.  Studies on the Neotropical Fauna, 8:75-80.

                                              

 

 
IntroMillipedesCentipedesPaleozoic FossilsDifferencesCongressesReferencesMyriapodologists-DeceasedMyriapodologists-LivingPhoto GalleryAlaska & Northwestern CanadaBiogeographyEvolutionary Diagrams