The Myriapoda (Millipedes, Centipedes) Featuring the North American Fauna     
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Paradoxosomatinae: Sulciferini. Oxidus gracilis (Koch, 1847); note blunt, non extended paranota. Asian introduction into North America, abundant in US & Canadian cities; often undergoes population explosions.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Asiomorpha coarctata (Saussure, 1860). Introduced. Lesser Antilles, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, St. Vincent. Photo courtesy of M. de Silva.

Paradoxosomatinae: Tectoporini. Helicorthomorpha holstii (Pocock, 1895). North America, USA, Florida, Orange Co. An Asian species introduced into a plant nursery in Florida. Photo by G. B. Edwards.

Paradoxosomatinae: Tectoporini. Helicorthomorpha holstii (Pocock, 1895), caudal end. North America, USA, Florida, Orange Co. An Asian species introduced into a plant nursery in Florida. Photo by G. B. Edwards.

Paradoxosomatinae: Tectoporini. Helicorthomorpha holstii (Pocock, 1895), anterior end. North America, USA, Florida, Orange Co. An Asian species introduced into a plant nursery in Florida. Photo by G. B. Edwards.

Australiosomatinae: Australiosomatini. Somethus sp. Australia, Tasmania. Reproduced from Tasmanian multipedes site (http://www.qvmag.tas.gov.au/zoology/multipedes/mulintro.html) with permission of R. Mesibov.

Paradoxosomatinae: Hylomini. Desmoxytes purpureus, the Shocking Pink Dragon Milliped. Asia, Thailand.

Australiosomatinae: Australiosomatini. Akamptogonus novarae (Humbert & Saussure, 1869). Oceania, New Zealand, Chatham Islands, Chatham I. Specimen courtesy of H. Heatwole; photo by A. E. Bogan.

Paradoxosomatinae: Nedyopodini. Nedyopus sp. Asia, Japan, Ryu Kyu Islands, Iheya-jima. Photo courtesy of Z. Korsˇs, from albums on Facebook Photo page (http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1776455888#!/photos.php?id=1667514442).

Paradoxosomatinae:Catharosomatini. South America, Peru, Cusco Dept., Aguas Calientes. Photo courtesy of P. Wittman.

Uncertain subfamily & tribe. Tholerosoma monteithi Mesibov, 2006, midbody segments. Australia, Queensland. Photo courtesy of R, Mesibov.

Paradoxosomatinae: Catharosomatini. Iulidesmus sp. South America, Ecuador, near Ba˝os. Photo courtesy of R. Oudejans.

Asia, Vietnam, Cuc Phuong. Photo courtesy of W. Vandevender.

Asia, Vietnam, Cat Ba National Park. Note magnification of water droplets. Photo courtesy of W. Vandevender.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Asiomorpha coarctata (Saussure) showing gonopods in situ; North America, USA, Florida; introduced. Photo by D. Martinez-Torres.

 

 

 

Paradoxosomatinae: Sulciferini. Oxidus gracilis (C.L. Koch, 1847); note blunt midbody paranota. North America (introduced), USA, North Carolina, Wake Co.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini.Midbody segments of Asiomorpha coarctata (Saus-sure, 1860). Note sharply pointed, acuminate para-nota. North America, Mexico, Jalisco. Photo courtesy of F. Cupul.

Paradoxosomatinae: Tectoporini.Helicorthomorpha holstii (Pocock, 1895). close-up of right gonopod. North America, USA, Florida, Orange Co. An Asian species introduced into a plant nursery in Florida. Photo by G. B. Edwards.

Australiosomatinae: Antichiropodini. Pogonosternum sp. Australia, Tasmania. Reproduced from Tasmanian multipedes site with permission of R. Mesibov.

Australiosomatinae: Australiosomatini. Akamptogonus novarae  Oceania, NZ, Chatham I. Specimen courtesy of H. Heatwole; photo by A. E. Bogan.

Paradoxosomatinae:Catharosomatini. South America, Peru, Cusco Dept., Aguas Calientes. Photo courtesy of P. Wittman.

 

Paradoxosomatinae:Catharosomatini. South America, Peru. Photo courtesy of P. Wittman.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Gigantomorpha sp. Asia, Eastern Malaysia, Sabah. Photo by N. Messina.

Uncertain subfamily & tribe. Tholerosoma corrugatum Mesibov, 2006. Australia, Qld. Photo courtesy of R, Mesibov.

Asia, Vietnam, Tam Dao. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Asia, Vietnam, Cuc Phuong. Photo by  W. Vandevender.

Asia, county and locality unknown. Gonopods in situ. Photo by D. Martinez-Torres.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Gigantomorpha immanis. Asia, Brunei, Temburong Dist. Photo by F. Trnka.

 

 

 

 

 

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Asiomorpha coarctata (Saussure, 1860). Asian species introduced from Florida southward. Photo courtesy of F. Cupul.

Paradoxosomatinae: Hylomini. Desmoxytes sp. Asia, China. Note sharp segmental spines.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Asiomorpha coarctata (Saussure); note sharply pointed, acute, midbody paranota. Lesser Antilles, St. Barthelemy. Photo courtesy of K. Questal.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Asiomorpha coarctata (Saussure); note sharply pointed, acute, midbody paranota. Lesser Antilles, St. Barthelemy. Photo courtesy of K. Questal.

Australiosomatinae: Antichiropodini. Pogonosternum sp. Australia, Tasmania. Reproduced from Tasmanian multipedes site (http://www.qvmag.tas.gov.au/zoology/multipedes/mulintro.html) with permission of R. Mesibov.

Australiosomatinae: Antichiropodini. Uncertain systematic position. Notodesmus scotius Chamberlin, 1920. Australia, Tasmania. Reproduced from Tasmanian multipedes site (http://www.qvmag.tas.gov.au/zoology/multipedes/mulintro.html) with permission of R. Mesibov.

Paradoxosomatinae: Tectoporini. Helicorthomorpha holstii (Pocock, 1895). Oceania, USA, Hawaiian Is., Oahu, Honolulu; introduced. Photo courtesy of F.G. Howarth. Bishop Mus. Occas. Paps., 108:45, 2010.

Paradoxosomatinae: Hylomini. Chamberlinius hualiensis. Asia, Japan, Ryu Kyu Islands, Iheya-jima. Introduced and invasive on the island. Photo courtesy of Z. Korsˇs, from albums on Facebook Photo page (http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1776455888#!/photos.php?id=1667514442).

Paradoxosomatinae: Catharosomatini. ?Mestosoma sp. South America, Peru. Photo courtesy of P. Wittman (http://stock.photoshelter.com/gallery-collection/Philip-Witman/P0000eX_pW_aVVGU).

Paradoxosomatinae: Xanthodesmini. Habrodesmus sp. Africa, Ghana. Photo courtesy of N. Messina.

Paradoxosomatinae: Xanthodesmini. Habrodesmus sp. Africa, Ghana. Photo courtesy of N. Messina.

Asia, Vietnam, Cuc Phuong. Photo courtesy of W. Vandevender.

Asia, Vietnam, Cuc Phuong. Photo courtesy of W. Vandevender.

Asia, county and locality unknown. Anterior end, ventral view.  Photo by D. Martinez-Torres.

Paradoxosomatinae: Sulciferini. Chondromorpha xanthotricha (Attems, 1898). Introduced. Lesser Antilles, St. Vincent & the Grenadines. Photo courtesy of M. de Silva.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Asiomorpha coarctata (Saussure, 1860) mating pair. Introduced. Jamaica. Photo courtesy of M. van de Merwe.

Paradoxosomatinae: Paradoxosomatini. Strongylosoma stigmatosum mating pair. Europe. Hungary. Photo courtesy of Z. Korsos.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Orthomorpha sp. Asia, Vietnam, Cat Tien National Park. Photo courtesy of Nguyen Duc Anh.

Paradoxosomatinae: Hylomini. Desmoxytes draco (Cook & Loomis, 1924) Asia, China, Jiangxi Prov., Guling, S of Jiujiang. Photo by H.F. Loomis.

Australiosomatinae: Antichiropodini. Dicranogonus sp. Australia, Tasmania. Reproduced from Tasmanian multipedes site (http://www.qvmag.tas.gov.au/zoology/multipedes/mulintro.html) with permission of R. Mesibov.

Australiosomatinae: Antichiropodini. Aethalosoma solum Jeekel, 2006. Australia, Tasmania. Reproduced from Tasmanian multipedes site (http://www.qvmag.tas.gov.au/zoology/multipedes/mulintro.html) with permission of R. Mesibov.

Paradoxosomatinae:Catharosomatini. South America, Peru, Cusco Dept., Aguas Calientes. Photo courtesy of P. Wittman.

Paradoxosomatinae: Sundanini. ?Opisthodolichopus sp. Asia, Eastern Malaysia, Sabah. Photo courtesy of N. Messina.

Paradoxosomatinae: ?Tectoporini. ?Tectoporus sp. Asia, Eastern Malaysia, Sabah. Photo courtesy of N. Messina.

Asia, Vietnam, Kom Tum. Photo courtesy of W. Vandevender.

Asia, Vietnam, Cuc Phuong. Photo courtesy of W. Vandevender.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Asiomorpha coarctata (Saussure), gonopod, lateral view. North America, USA, Florida; introduced. Photo by D. Martinez-Torres.

Paradoxosomatinae: Orthomorphini. Asiomorpha coarctata (Saussure), gonopod, medial view. North America, USA, Florida; introduced. Photo by D. Martinez-Torres.

 

 

 
IntroMillipedesCentipedesPaleozoic FossilsDifferencesCongressesReferencesMyriapodologists-DeceasedMyriapodologists-LivingPhoto GalleryAlaska & Northwestern CanadaBiogeographyEvolutionary Diagrams