The Myriapoda (Millipedes, Centipedes) Featuring the North American Fauna     
IntroMillipedesCentipedesPaleozoic FossilsDifferencesCongressesReferencesMyriapodologists-DeceasedMyriapodologists-LivingPhoto GalleryAlaska & Northwestern CanadaBiogeographyEvolutionary Diagrams

Apheloria virginiensis corrugata (Wood, 1864) North America, USA, New York, Tompkins Co., Freeville, Ringwood Preserve. Photo courtesy of W. P. Leonard.

Apheloria montana (Bollman, 1887). North America, USA, North Carolina/Tennessee. Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Photo courtesy of W.P. Leonard.

Brachoria insolita Keeton, 1959. North America, USA, Virginia, Wise Co., High Knob. Photo by D.R. Whitehead.

?Furcillaria laminata Shelley, 1981. North America, USA, South Carolina, Pickens Co., vicinity of Clemson. Photo courtesy of Rod Preston-Mafham/Premaphotos Wildlife.

Sigmoria (Cheiropus) planca (Loomis, 1944), note walking gait. North America, USA, Florida, Leon Co., Tall Timbers Research Station. Photo courtesy of H.W. Levi.

Sigmoria (Cheiropus) planca (Loomis, 1944). North America, USA, Florida, Leon Co., Tall Timbers Research Station. Photo courtesy of H.W. Levi.

Sigmoria (Dixioria) watauga Shelley, 1986. North America, USA, North Carolina, Watauga Co. Photo courtesy of W. Vandevender.

Apheloria virginiensis reducta Chamberlin, 1939. North America, USA, Arkansas, Baxter Co. Photo courtesy of L. Reynolds.

Sigmoria (Dixioria) watauga Shelley, 1986; ventral view showing gonopods in situ. North America, USA, N. Carolina, Watauga Co. Photo W. Vandevender.

Sigmoria (Sigiria) austrimontis Shelley, 1981. North America, USA, North Carolina, Burke Co., South Mountains St. Pk. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Sigmoria (Sigiria) nigrimontis nigrimontis (Chamberlin, 1947). North America, USA, North Carolina, Yancey Co. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Apheloriini; red banded, Sigmoria (Falloria) sp.; yellow banded, Apheloria virginiensis n. subsp. 2, with broad, strong yellow bands,  now under study by one of my graduate students. Photo courtesy of J Phillips.

Cluster of recently dead Apheloria v. corrugata (banded) and Sigmoria (Rudiloria) t. trimaculata (spotted) on moss on tree stump; perhaps caused by fungus. North America, USA, New York, Oneida Co. Photo courtesy of K. Kiefer.

Apheloria virginiensis corrugata (Wood, 1864). North America, USA, Virginia. Photo courtesy of R. L. Hoffman

Apheloria tigana Chamberlin, 1939 in molting chamber. North America, USA, North Carolina. Photo courtesy of P. Atkinson.

Appalachioria separanda calcaria (Keeton, 1959). North America, USA, West Virginia, Wyoming Co., Twin Falls. Photo by D.R. Whitehead.

Sigmoria (Sigiria) r. rubromarginata (Bollman, 1888). North America, USA, Tennessee, Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Photo courtesy of Ken Preston-Mafham/Premaphotos Wildlife.

Sigmoria (Sigmoria) latior latior (Brolemann, 1900) with red paranota. North America, USA, southwestern Virginia.

Sigmoria (Dixioria) watauga Shelley, 1986. North America, USA, N. Carolina, Watauga Co. Photo W. Vandevender.

Sigmoria (Sigmoria) latior hoffmani, mating pair. USA, South Carolina, Berkeley Co. Photo by W. Vandevender.

?gen. (Dynoria, Furcillaria). North America, USA, South Carolina, Oconee Co. Photo  W. Vandevender.

Female showing partly extruded cyphopods. USA, South Carolina, Oconee Co. Photo by W. Vandevender.

A. tigana gonopod, lateral view. Photo by D. Martinez-Torres.

Dead Apheloria v.  corrugata on moss on tree stump. North America, USA, New York, Oneida Co. Photo by K. Kiefer.

 

 

 

 

 

Apheloria virginiensis n. subsp. 1, with broad, bold, yellow markings and an entirely yellow collum and epiproct, now being studied by one of my graduate students. Photo courtesy of JGP.

Brachoria dentata Keeton, 1959. North America, USA, Virginia, Wise Co., High Knob. Photo by D. R. Whitehead.

Sigmoria sp., one of numerous species exhibiting the red-banded color pattern. North America, USA, mountains of North Carolina.

Sigmoria (Croatania) catawba (Shelley, 1977). North America, USA, South Carolina, Chester Co.

Sigmoria (Rudiloria) trimaculata trimaculata (Wood, 1864). North America, USA, Virginia, Alleghany Co. Photo by D.R. Whitehead.

Sigmoria (Sigmoria) latior latior (Br÷lemann, 1900) with yellow paranota. North America, USA, North Carolina, Avery/Watauga Cos.

Sigmoria (Cheiropus) australis Shelley, 1986. North America, USA, Florida, Liberty Co., Torreya State Park. Photo courtesy of G. Knight.

Sigmoria (Dixioria) watauga Shelley, 1986. North America, USA, North Carolina, Watauga Co. Photo courtesy of W. Vandevender.

Apheloria virginiensis corrugaga (Wood, 1864) in defensive coil, a more orangish color variant with yellow legs. North America, USA, New York, Columbia Co. Photo courtesy of M. Roach.

Sigmoria (Sigmoria) latior hoffmani Shelley, 1976. Bands usually darker pinkish. North America, USA, South Carolina, Berkeley Co. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Sigmoria (Cheiropus) planca (Loomis, 1944). North America, USA, Florida, Alachua Co. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Sigmoria (Cheiropus) divergens Chamberlin, 1939. North America, USA, North Carolina. Henderson Co. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Apheloria tigana gonopod, medial view. Photo by D. Martinez-Torres.

Sigmoria (Falloria) ainsliei (Chamberlin, 1921) F, a rare, all black (excepting dark blue paranotal margins) color variant (?homozygous recessive). North America, USA, Tennessee, Knox Co. Photo courtesy of G.J. Phillips.

Apheloria virginiensis n. subsp., under study by my grad. student. North America, USA, Tennessee, Blount Co. Scale in cm/mm. Photo by J. Phillips.

Apheloria virginiensis corrugata (Wood, 1864). North America, USA, West Virginia, Randolph Co., Huttonsville. Photo by D.R. Whitehead.

Appalachioria separanda separanda (Chamberlin, 1947). North America, USA, West Virginia, Bear Haven. Photo by D.R. Whitehead.

Sigmoria (Sigiria) nigrimontis nigrimontis (Chamberlin, 1947) in typical defensive posture. North America, USA, North Carolina, Buncombe Co., near Black Mountain.

Sigmoria (Rudiloria) trimaculata trimaculata (Wood, 1864). North America, USA, West Virginia, Greenbrier Co., Greenbrier State Forest. Photo by D.R. Whitehead.

Sigmoria (Sigmoria) latior intergrade. North America, USA, North Carolina, Cleveland Co.

Apheloria tigana Chamberli, 1939. North America, USA, N. Carolina, Stanly Co. Morrow Mtn. St. Pk. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Sigmoria (Sigmoria) l. latior Br÷lemann, 1900. North America, USA, N. Carolina, Stanly Co. Morrow Mtn. St. Pk. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Sigmoria (Sigmoria) latior hoffmani Shelley, 1976. Bands usually pinker. North America, USA, South Carolina, Berkeley Co. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Apheloria tigana Chamberlin, 1939. North America, USA, North Carolina, Wake Co. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Apheloria tigana Chamberlin, 1939. North America, USA, North Carolina, Wake Co. Photo by W. Vandevender.

Apheloria tigana, ventral view of midbody sterna and legs showing ventrodistal prefemoral spines. Photo by D. Martinez-Torres.

Sigmoria (Cheiropus) australis Shelley, 1986. North America, USA, Alabama, Coffee Co. Photo courtesy of T. Kattermann.

Sigmoria (Sigmoria) latior hoffmani Shelley, 1976. North America, USA, South Carolina, Charleston Co. Photo courtesy of M. Shepherd.

 
IntroMillipedesCentipedesPaleozoic FossilsDifferencesCongressesReferencesMyriapodologists-DeceasedMyriapodologists-LivingPhoto GalleryAlaska & Northwestern CanadaBiogeographyEvolutionary Diagrams